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Course Details

Optometry

Optometry is a healthcare profession concerned with the eyes and related structures, as well as vision, visual systems, and vision information processing in humans for defects in vision and eye disorders in order to prescribe corrective lenses or other appropriate treatment. Optometrists are trained to prescribe and fit lenses to improve vision, and in some countries are trained to diagnose and treat various eye diseases. Optometrists typically do the following:

  • Perform vision tests and analyze results
  • Diagnose sight problems, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, and eye diseases, such as glaucoma
  • Prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other visual aids, and if state law permits, medications
  • Perform minor surgical procedures to correct or treat visual or eye health issues
  • Provide treatments such as vision therapy or low-vision rehabilitation
  • Provide pre- and postoperative care to patients undergoing eye surgery—for example, examining a patient's eyes the day after surgery
  • Evaluate patients for the presence of other diseases and conditions, such as diabetes or hypertension, and refer patients to other healthcare providers as needed
  • Promote eye and general health by counseling patients

 

ELIGIBILITY

Optometry is the postgraduate level education and can be pursued only after the completion of MBBS. So the steps involved in this process are as follows-

  • First of all students are required to pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects.
  • To take admission in MBBS programme, students are required to appear the entrance test namely NEET
  • Earn MBBS degree from a well-recognized medical institution.
  • Appear the entrance tests like JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, NEET PG for taking admission in MD/MS course.
  • Choose your desired branch as a specialization in MD/MS.
  • Candidates seeking admission in doctorate level course, are selected on the basis of performance in the qualifying examination and entrance exam. Various Institutions conduct their own entrance test for admission doctoral level courses.

COURSE DURATION

Bachelor Courses (4 year)

  • MBBS

Master Courses (3 year)

 

PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES

Human values and humanities don’t come with educational degrees. Though these doctors deal with humans at their most crucial stages so they should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding etc. In addition to these a good doctor should have the ability to deal with young patients( children) with love and the ability to understand their behavior, Good communication skills and keen observation and playful manner around children.

 

FUTURE PROSPECTS IN OPTOMETRY

Employment of optometrists is projected to grow in near future, much faster than the average for all occupations. Vision problems tend to occur more frequently later in life, an aging population will lead to demand for optometrists. As people age, they become more susceptible to conditions that impair vision, such as cataracts and macular degeneration, and will need vision care. The number of people with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, has grown in recent years. Diabetes has been linked to increased rates of several eye conditions, including diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects the blood vessels in the eye and may lead to loss of vision. More optometrists will be needed to monitor, treat, and refer individuals with chronic conditions stemming from diabetes. In addition, nearly all health plans cover medical eye care and many cover preventive eye exams. More optometrists will be needed to provide services to more patients.

 

JOB AREAS

 There are several career options available for those who completed their optometry degree.  Employment can be found in sectors such as hospitals undertaken by state and central government. In addition, they also have opportunities available in NGOs, private hospitals, clinics, missionary hospitals and charitable hospitals run by railways and defense. Students can also take up research work with organizations such as ICMR. Those who have relevant experience of at least 4-5 years in same can start their own private eye-clinic as well.

 

TOP MEDICAL COLLEGES FOR OPTOMETRY

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi.
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore.
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune.
  • JIPMER College, Puducherry.     
  • Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi.
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), Delhi.
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai.

 

SOME OF THE BEST BOOKS FOR OPTOMETRY

  • Primary Care Optometry
  • Fixing My Gaze: A Scientist's Journey into Seeing in Three Dimensions
  • The Wills Eye Manual: Office and Emergency Room Diagnosis and Treatment of Eye Disease
  • Optics, Retinoscopy, and Refractometry
  • Clinical Ophthalmology: [A Systematic Approach]