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Automation and Robotics

Robotics is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes. Robots are those machines which are able to execute the duties that humans are either unable or prefer not to complete. Some robots are manufactured to do jobs which are hazardous to people like exploring mines, defusing bombs, etc. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics. The word ‘Robot’ derived from the Czech word “robota”, which means forced work or labour. A professional designer who is responsible for creating robots and robotic systems is called a Robotics Engineer.

 

Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic. Some processes have been completely automated. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labour, however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision.

 

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computational Geometry
  • Computer Aided Manufacturing
  • Robot Manipulators
  • Digital Electronics and Micro-Processors
  • Medical Robotics
  • Micro-Robotics
  • Automation
  • Robot Motion Planning
  • Air Traffic Management Systems
  • Bio-Cybernetics
  • Design and Control
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing System

 

ELIGIBILITY

UG (4 years)

To take admission into an undergraduate course in Engineering, a candidate should have passed 10+2 in science stream.

PG (2 Years)

To take admission into a postgraduate course in Engineering, a candidate must have completed his/her Bachelor of Science/ B.Tech from any recognized university.

Diploma in Robotics (4 years)

 

FUTURE PROSPECTS

Robotics engineering is one of the recognized professional careers in India. There are ample opportunities in this field for robotics engineers both in India as well as abroad. From manufacturing line robots to experimental robotics for the military, medical and automotive industries, the future of robotics engineering certainly offers a variety of opportunities for professionals entering this field. A candidate having an M.E. degree in robotics can find employment opportunities in space research organizations such as ISRO and also in industries which manufacture microchips.

Major recruiters in this field are-

 Precision Automation & Robotics India Ltd., Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Organization, Indian Institute of Technology, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

 

JOB PROFILES

  • Senior Robotics Specialist
  • Robotics Programmers
  • Automated Product Design Engineer
  • Robotics Technicians
  • Robot Design Engineer
  • Robotics Testers
  • Maintenance Engineers
  • Robotics Test Engineers
  • Agricultural Instrumentation Engineer
  • Robotics System Engineer

 

TOP COLLEGES FOR ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION

  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT KGP
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  • National Institute of Technology.
  • University of Hyderabad.
  • IIT KANPUR
  • IIIT Hyderabad
  • BITS Pilani

 

SOME OF THE BEST BOOKS FOR ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION

  • Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence by Max Tegmark
  • Robot-Proof: Higher Education in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
  • Robot Manipulators, Mathematics, Programming and Control” by Richard paul
  • Fundamentals of Robotics” by Robert J Schiling
  • Industrial Automation and Robotics” by Khushdeep Goyal
  • Robotics for Engineers” by Kailash Chandra Mahajan