Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai was established in 1945. TIFR is a National Centre of the Government of India, under the umbrella of the Department of Atomic Energy, as well as a deemed University awarding degrees for master's and doctoral programs. At TIFR, they carry out basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer science, and science education. The institute first began functioning within the cosmic ray research unit on the campus of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and later moved to Bombay. The aim of the institute is to promote flexible funding of new initiatives at the institute in research activities at the forefront of science, technology and mathematics and to promote academic excellence at the institute which includes financial support in the form of augmented research Scholarships and additional funding to exceptionally talented and highly motivated young students and scientists who would wish to join.