Automation and Robotics

Robotics is the branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes, or resemble humans in appearance, behavior, and/or cognition. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
 
Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated.
The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor, however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision.
The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from automaton), was not widely used before 1947, when General Motors established the automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s.

 

Eligibility :
 
Robotics engineering Eligibility:-
 
UG: 4 years
 
For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). 
 
PG: 2 years
 
The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. 
 
Automation Eligibility:-
 
To become a professional in automation one has to have a technical degree (preferably an engineering degree) or at least a diploma in automation. For diploma a student can become eligible after class 10th. For any technical degree like engineering the student has to attain a 10+2 degree certificate with major in subjects like Mathematics and Physics. Aspirants who want to study further can also go for higher education. For this they need to attain a post-graduation certificate. This can either be in a technical domain or a master of science. Highly passionate professionals can also pursue doctorate degrees like PhD in the field of automation.
 
 
 
Robotics Courses :-
  • Diploma in Robotics
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Robotics Engineering        
  • Bachelor of Technology in Robotics
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Advanced Robotics
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Robotics & Automation Engineering    
  • Bachelor of Technology in Mechatronics Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Automation and Robotics
  • Master of Engineering in Robotics Engineering    
  • Master of Technology in Robotics Engineering    
  • Master of Technology in Automation & Robotics
 
Automation Courses :-
  • Pneumatics and Hydraulics
  • Automated Manufacturing
  • Programmable Logic Controller
  • Process Control Devices
 
Specializations:-
  • Automation
  • Micro-Robotics
  • Bio-Cybernetics
  • Medical Robotics
  • Signal Processing
  • Robot Manipulators
  • Design and Control
  • Robot Motion Planning
  • Computational Geometry
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Aided Manufacturing
  • Air Traffic Management Systems
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing System
  • Digital Electronics and Micro-Processors

 

Job Prospects:-
 
Robotics engineering is one of the recognized professional careers in India. There are ample opportunities in this field for robotics engineers both in India as well as in abroad countries. From manufacturing line robots to experimental robotics for the military, medical and automotive industries, the future of robotics engineering certainly offers a variety of opportunities for professionals entering the field. A candidate having an M.E. degree in robotics can find employment opportunities in space research organizations such as ISRO and also in industries which manufacture microchips.
 
Most robotics engineers are employed in laboratories, space exploration, manufacturing plants, mining and organizations. Now-a-days gaming industries are possibly providing the most enjoyable variation of the kind of intelligence provided by robotics. Most robotics engineers are employed by private robot manufacturers or robot users. Robotics engineers who work for robot manufacturers are sometimes called robotics test engineers or automation system engineers. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges.
 
Some job profiles: -
  • Sales
  • Trainers
  • Analysts
  • Researcher
  • Supervisors
  • Robotics Technicians
  • Robotics Test Engineers
  • Robotics System Engineer
  • Senior Robotics Specialist
 
Remuneration: -
 
Robotic engineering is one of the most promising and rewarding field. Robotic engineer's income mostly depends upon their qualifications, experience and organization. Robotic engineers working in abroad can get lucrative income. For those who want to pursue a career in robotics engineering, their initial salary starts from Rs 5-6 lakhs per annum. Benefits usually include paid retirement plans, holidays and vacations and health insurance.

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